Boating Terms

 

Abaft

Aft of; towards the stern from a designated location

Aft

towards, at or near the stern

Amidships

in the vicinity of the mid length of a vessel as distinguished from the ends

Anode

an electrode carrying a positive charge

Ballast

any solid or liquid weight placed in a vessel to increase the draft, change the trim, or to regulate stability

Bar

a shallow area near the mouth of a river or at the approach to a harbour

Beam

the maximum breadth of the hull

Bearing

the direction of an object

Berth

where a vessel is docked or tied up

Bight

a loop in a rope

Bilge

the lower parts of the hold, tanks and machinery spaces

Bow

the forward end of a vessel

Broach

to be turned 90o off course, usually due to wave action from astern

Bulkhead

the vertical partitions (walls) that divide the interior of a vessel into compartments

Cable

one-tenth of a nautical mile

Cardinal points

the four main points of a compass

Cathode

an electrode carrying a negative charge

Chine

where the vessel’s side and bottom join

Cleat

a fitting having two arms or horns around which ropes may be made fast

Course

ship’s heading

Dan buoy

a marker buoy with a pole and flag

Draft

the depth of a vessel below the waterline, measured vertically to the lowest part of the hull, propeller or other reference point

Drogue

a parachute-shaped bag used to reduce the drift of a vessel

Ebb tide

falling or running out tide

Eddy

circular movement of tide

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

Fairway

any navigable channel

Fathom

six linear feet

Fender

devices built into or hung over the sides of a vessel to prevent rubbing or chafing against other vessels or piers

Flood tide

the rising or run in tide

Flukes

the parts of an anchor that are intended to dig into the bottom

Fo’c’s’le

the compartment or built-up deck in the bow

Founder

sink and go to the bottom

Freeboard

the distance from the waterline to the upper surface of the gunwale

Galley

the cooking area on a vessel

Gangway

a passageway, or ladder used for boarding or leaving a vessel

GPIRB

EPIRB with a built-in GPS

Gunwale

top edge of the vessel’s sides

Head

toilet

Helm

tiller or steering wheel

Hull

the structural body of a vessel

Keel

the principle fore-aft component of a vessels framing, located along the centreline

Knot

1 nautical mile per hour

Lanyard

a short pore for securing or holding something

Leads

marks used which when in line indicate the centre of a navigable channel

Lee

 the side away from the wind

Mooring

securing a vessel by several lines so as to limit its movement

Mooring Buoy

a floating structure firmly anchored to the bottom to which a vessel may moor

Painter

a mooring line for a small boat or liferaft

Poop

a superstructure fitted to the after end of the upper deck

Port side

the left hand side of a vessel when looking forward

Propeller pitch

theoretical linear distance the propeller would move during one complete revolution if it were turning within a nut

Rigging

chains, wires, ropes and accessories used to support masts and booms

Rudder

device used to steer a vessel

Scope

the ratio of the anchor cable in relation to the depth of water

Scuppers

drains from decks to carry off water

Shoal water

shallow water

Starboard side

the right hand side of a vessel when looking forward

Stern

the rear end of a vessel

Stow

to put away, or store in a hold

Superstructure

any structure above the main deck with sides flush with the sides of the hull

Transit

lining up two objects for navigation purposes

Transom

the flat stern or rear vertical side of vessel

 

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